Action Jackson (Carl Weathers) is a tough Detroit police sergeant. Captain Armbruster (Bill Duke) orders him to attend a ceremony awarding a Man of the Year award to powerful industrialist Peter Dellaplane (Craig T. Nelson). Jackson had been demoted and lost everything after a violent takedown of Peter's psycho son Sean. Peter has a team of assassins who massacres union leaders of Peter's company. His wife Patrice (Sharon Stone) cooperates with Jackson. Peter kills her and plants her body in Jackson's apartment. Jackson escapes with Peter's lounge-singing drug-addicted mistress Sydney Ash (Vanity).Carl Weathers is a charismatic actor. This is more or less a blaxploitation movie. He could do better and he has great skills. The movie is called Action Jackson and there is plenty of action. The thing is that Weathers needs to start the movie with a big action scene. The big starting action is done without context and without thrills. He finally gets one later on with a nice explosive car chase. I don't like the way Weathers ends the confrontation which struck me as being silly and again reeks of blaxploitation. Craig T. Nelson could be a good villain but I don't buy his physical prowess. He doesn't need to be a physical threat for him to be scary. Vanity is close to being annoying. The girl is as sexy as hell but I don't like her songs. Her acting is also lacking. There are some good parts and I absolutely love Weathers. That's why he deserves something better than this.
The plot gets a bit hokey in Action Jackson and it certainly never did establish Carl Weathers as an action hero. It certainly didn't do much for Vanity as she got a Razzie Award nomination for worst Actress of 1988.Carl Weathers is Sergeant Jericho Jackson of the Detroit PD. He used to be a lieutenant, but got demoted due to the influence of automobile magnate Craig T. Nelson after Weathers busted his kid as sex criminal. He was pretty rough in doing it, but the kid faced a whole lot worse in prison. Nelson has a burning hate for Weathers and the feeling is mutual.But Nelson also has big plans and it involves killing off the various leaders of the Auto Worker's union. He's making a big power grab, one of the biggest and he's not squeamish in eliminating opposition and hindrances. The women in this film have way too much to overcome. I can't believe Vanity as a junkie with Weathers withholding her dope. She should be Jonesing bad for fix, but she never is. She should have been experiencing Man With A Golden Arm type withdrawals. Vanity is Nelson's ghetto mistress.His trophy wife is Sharon Stone and what did this woman think Nelson was going to do to her after she took off with Weathers This was one of her early parts and she's a tragic figure. Despite the impossibility of her role Sharon Stone did have a career.Enough action for Jackson and the movie-going public who likes this stuff. But it's second rate.
This is your typical 80's popcorn crime film that may not be a cinematic masterpiece but has enough going on to keep the audience entertained. You've got a stand alone hero, title character Carl Weathers, who has a unique way all his own of dealing with the bad guy, even if it's just a teen punk caught stalking an intended mugging victim (and quickly regretting it) or more dangerously one of the most highly esteemed residents of Detroit who is actually an organized crime kingpin.Singer Vanity gets to find out that the diamonds which are a girl's best friend were the kind that Lucy in the sky liked, not the kind that Carol Channing and Marilyn preferred over rhinestones. She's the mistress of the denizen of the city (Craig T. Nelson) who respectful on the outside but absolutely rotten, even though he has the most gorgeous of wives (a young Sharon Stone. Weathers, completely tongue in cheek, seems to be having a great time as another variation of Dirty Harry, and when he says that he has to catch a cab, he means literally.Filled with plenty of action to match the title, this is formula but fun, a lavish vision of the \"me\" attitude of the late Reagan years, and the performances are delightfully over the top. Nelson is having a blast being the bad guy for a change, a real psychopath, and he is surrounded by two lovely pieces of eye candy, maybe not the best actresses of the 80's but certainly unforgettable once you see them onscreen. Even the smaller roles (especially Roger Aaron Brown as a beat cop) get moments to shine. There's plenty of shocking violence that can be felt for the pain it causes the victims before they die. Highly recommended for 80's tacky fun.
Previous event-related potential studies have indicated that both a widespread N400 and an anterior N700 index differential processing of concrete and abstract words, but the nature of these components in relation to concreteness and imagery has been unclear. Here, we separated the effects of word concreteness and task demands on the N400 and N700 in a single word processing paradigm with a within-subjects, between-tasks design and carefully controlled word stimuli. The N400 was larger to concrete words than to abstract words, and larger in the visualization task condition than in the surface task condition, with no interaction. A marked anterior N700 was elicited only by concrete words in the visualization task condition, suggesting that this component indexes imagery. These findings are consistent with a revised or extended dual coding theory according to which concrete words benefit from greater activation in both verbal and imagistic systems. Copyright 2013 Society for Psychophysiological Research.
Words that correspond to a potential sensory experience-concrete words-have long been found to possess a processing advantage over abstract words in various lexical tasks. We collected norms of concreteness for a set of 1,659 French words, together with other psycholinguistic norms that were not available for these words-context availability, emotional valence, and arousal-but which are important if we are to achieve a better understanding of the meaning of concreteness effects. We then investigated the relationships of concreteness with these newly collected variables, together with other psycholinguistic variables that were already available for this set of words (e.g., imageability, age of acquisition, and sensory experience ratings). Finally, thanks to the variety of psychological norms available for this set of words, we decided to test further the embodied account of concreteness effects in visual-word recognition, championed by Kousta, Vigliocco, Vinson, Andrews, and Del Campo (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 140, 14-34, 2011). Similarly, we investigated the influences of concreteness in three word recognition tasks-lexical decision, progressive demasking, and word naming-using a multiple regression approach, based on the reaction times available in Chronolex (Ferrand, Brysbaert, Keuleers, New, Bonin, Méot, Pallier, Frontiers in Psychology, 2; 306, 2011). The norms can be downloaded as supplementary material provided with this article.
Educated humans use language to express abstract number, applying the same number words to seven apples, whistles, or sins. Is language or education the source of numerical abstraction Claims to the contrary must present evidence for numerical knowledge that applies to disparate entities, in people who have received no formal mathematics instruction and cannot express such knowledge in words. Here we show that preschool children can compare and add large sets of elements without counting, both within a single visual-spatial modality (arrays of dots) and across two modalities and formats (dot arrays and tone sequences). In two experiments, children viewed animations and either compared one visible array of dots to a second array or added two successive dot arrays and compared the sum to a third array. In further experiments, a dot array was replaced by a sequence of sounds, so that participants had to integrate quantity information presented aurally and visually. Children performed all tasks successfully, without resorting to guessing strategies or responding to continuous variables. Their accuracy varied with the ratio of the two quantities: a signature of large, approximate number representations in adult humans and animals. Addition was as accurate as comparison, even though children showed no relevant knowledge when presented with symbolic versions of the addition tasks. Abstract knowledge of number and addition therefore precedes, and may guide, language-based instruction in mathematics.
In order to acquire language, infants must extract its building blocks-words-and master the rules governing their legal combinations from speech. These two problems are not independent, however: words also have internal structure. Thus, infants must extract two kinds of information from the same speech input. They must find the actual words of their language. Furthermore, they must identify its possible words, that is, the sequences of sounds that, being morphologically well formed, could be words. Here, we show that infants' sensitivity to possible words appears to be more primitive and fundamental than their ability to find actual words. We expose 12- and 18-month-old infants to an artificial language containing a conflict between statistically coherent and structurally coherent items. We show that 18-month-olds can extract possible words when the familiarization stream contains marks of segmentation, but cannot do so when the stream is continuous. Yet, they can find actual words from a continuous stream by computing statistical relationships among syllables. By contrast, 12-month-olds can find possible words when familiarized with a segmented stream, but seem unable to extract statistically coherent items from a continuous stream that contains minimal conflicts between statistical and structural information. These results suggest that sensit